Research England are currently consulting on output types to provide increased clarity to institutions on categorising types of output for submission under the following broad categories (see Annex K, Draft Guidance on Submissions):

  • (Parts of) Books
  • Journal Articles
  • Physical Artefacts
  • Exhibitions and Performances
  • Other documents
  • Digital Artefacts
  • Other (e.g. Translation)

Research England requires all journal articles and conference proceedings (with an ISSN) which are to be submitted to the next REF be deposited in a repository within three months of publication.  WIRE is Wolverhampton University’s institutional repository and serves as an open access online collection of research outputs. The institutions’ Publications Policy (PDF) mandates the deposit in WIRE of all journal articles and conference papers published in a publication with an ISSN number.

Further information and resources can be found on the Library research webpages, including on how to submit to WIRE and on REF and Open Access



Impact helps to demonstrate that research is important, worth using and investing in. Research funders expect institutions to demonstrate the impact of their research and to provide evidence of this in the REF.  Each Unit of Assessment will be required to submit a certain number of Impact Case Studies and peer review exercises have been conducted as part of our mock REF submission exercise to strengthen the submission.  These review exercises will also help to identify the range of UOAs to which they might be submitted.

There are a range of impact resources available on line, including:

Impact Policy 

Impact Toolkits and Resources