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Mayor calls for urgent action to secure the future of undocumented young Londoners

  • New research by the University of Wolverhampton estimates more than 133,000 children and young people are living in London without secure immigration status
  • Despite being born in the UK, young people are restricted from accessing higher education, securing employment and applying for housing
  • Mayor brands it a ‘national disgrace’ and calls on the Government to provide urgent support
  • Sadiq warns of potential for a ‘new Windrush’ scandal after Brexit.

Stark new figures released by the Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, have revealed that an estimated 107,000 children and a further 26,000 18-24 year olds are living in London without secure immigration status.

Despite more than half being born in the UK, these young people are being excluded from life in London by Government policies that leave them unable to access higher education, open a bank account, apply for a driving licence, secure housing or employment.

Those above the age of 18 also face the threat of deportation to a country they may never have been to.

The Mayor has today labelled the findings a ‘national disgrace’ and called on the Government to take urgent action to support these young people to secure their futures. He believes it is vital that ministers provide financial support to advice services, cut extortionate immigration and citizenship fees and reinstate legal aid for children’s immigration cases.

Sadiq has warned of the potential for a further crisis with Brexit, if the 260,000 European-national children and 96,000 European-national young people living in the capital are not supported in applying to the EU Settlement Scheme, or for citizenship.

A new report, commissioned by the Mayor and published today, reveals that more than half of the UK’s estimated 674,000 undocumented adults and children are living in the capital. Undocumented people* can include those who were born in the UK or have spent the majority of their life in the UK, as well as those who are eligible for citizenship but for whom the fees are prohibitive.

The research, carried out by the University of Wolverhampton, also highlights the precarious position of EU Londoners ahead of Brexit. There are more than one million EU citizens living and working in the capital but, if just five per cent of eligible EU citizens fail to secure settled status it would mean 175,000 people being left in the UK without appropriate documentation and at risk from the Government’s hostile immigration policies.

The Windrush scandal has exposed the barriers facing people who have lived in the UK for many years, including a complex application process, a lack of awareness of the system, cuts to legal aid and the high cost of applications – with the High Court last month deeming as ‘unlawful’ a Government decision to charge £1,012 to register children as British citizens. Since 2012, only 10 per cent of families with undocumented children in the UK have applied to secure their immigration status.

The Mayor is committed to helping Londoners of all backgrounds secure their status so that they may participate fully in the life of the city. He has provided £370,000 to improve access to legal advice for Londoners with insecure immigration status, donated £20,000 to the Windrush Justice Fund to provide support to London-based organisations working with those affected by the Windrush scandal, and provided extensive support to EU Londoners through free legal advice, guidance and grants to community organisations.


The Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, said: “It is a national disgrace that there are hundreds of thousands of young Londoners being denied the opportunity of a secure future in our city and living in constant fear of deportation from the Government’s hostile immigration policies. These young people, many of whom were born in the UK, are often unable to access higher education or work, to rent a home or open a bank account, and these numbers are set to grow dramatically when Britain leaves the EU.

“The application process for the EU Settlement Scheme is unnecessarily complex and, with many vulnerable people struggling to secure their rights, the Government risks abandoning whole generations to an uncertain future.

“The Windrush scandal proved that the Government’s hostile immigration policies were not fit for purpose and swift action must be taken now to support our young people and prevent another crisis taking place.”

Coram Children’s Legal Centre’s Group Head of Policy and Public Affairs, Kamena Dorling said: “UK citizenship and immigration policy is failing a significant number of children who have grown up in the UK.

“These children are growing up in limbo instead of being legal citizens in the country they call home.

“What they need is stability and permanence and for a citizenship and immigration system that is fair and accessible so that they can fully integrate.

No citizenship and immigration system can succeed if it excludes this many of the country’s children and teenagers from legal status.” 

Surrey Square Primary School’s Family and Community Co-ordinator, Fiona Carrick-Davies, (member of Citizens UK) said: “This important research from the Mayor of London shows the extent of the barriers to opportunity faced by so many children in London.

“Having had over 35 pupils and former pupils make huge sacrifices to apply for citizenship over the last 5 years, Surrey Square Primary School have been part of a longstanding campaign with Citizens UK for Child Citizenship fees to be reduced.

“Like so many schools, we’ve seen the cost of fees prevent some of our pupils from achieving their potential and push families into debt.” 

Further information

  • *Undocumented people can also include those who arrived in the UK with proper documentation but who stayed beyond their permitted time, those who entered without proper documentation, trafficked children, unaccompanied minors whose temporary leave to remain was withdrawn once they reached adulthood and young people born to parents who are themselves undocumented.
  • The report - London’s Children and Young People who are not British Citizens - was commissioned as part of the Mayor of London’s Citizenship and Integration Initiative - a partnership established in 2017 between the Greater London Authority, independent funders, and civil society organisations. The research was undertaken by the Institute for Community Research and Development at the University of Wolverhampton.
  • As part of his commitment to helping Londoners of all backgrounds secure their status, the Mayor has provided more than £100,000 funding through micro grants to community organisations which help marginalised EU, EEA, and Swiss nationals and their families to apply to the EU Settlement Scheme.
  • The Mayor has launched information and resources for young people without citizenship, and for professionals working with these young people through the Citizenship and Integration Initiative. Sadiq also launched the EU Londoners Hub and worked with legal experts to offer free legal advice to EU Londoners at a major event at City Hall in September. The Mayor also hosted advice stalls for EU Londoners at Christmas markets throughout December and provided a mobile legal advice 'roadshow' which travelled to a number of London boroughs in March.


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