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‘Many Rivers to Cross’: Project to record local history of ‘Rivers of Blood’ speech


A project documenting the local impact of Enoch Powell’s ‘Rivers of Blood’ speech is to be launched by the University of Wolverhampton thanks to a £9,400 National Lottery grant awarded by the Heritage Lottery Fund (HLF).

April 2018 marks the 50th anniversary of the controversial ‘Rivers of Blood’ speech. Claiming to speak for his constituents, Powell’s speech pushed the Black Country town of Wolverhampton into the national spotlight.

Now a major new National Lottery funded project is set to address the impact of the speech in Wolverhampton and particularly how ethnic minority communities within the area responded.

Led by Research Fellow Dr Shirin Hirsch, alongside two leading artists Anand Chhabra and Jagdish Patel, the project will create an exhibition at Wolverhampton City Archives drawing out photographs and media material connected with the Rivers of Blood speech. This will be digitalised for a new website.

Two volunteers will be trained in oral history to document ethnic minority memories of the speech in Wolverhampton. A collection will be created which will be used as a school resource for local secondary schools to allow students to engage with their own local histories.‌

In close collaboration with Wolverhampton Art Gallery, Anand Chhabra and Jagdish Patel will respond to the speech visually with an exhibition. In addition, photographs of ethnic minority experiences in Wolverhampton in 1968 by renowned photographer Vanley Burke will be featured in this display.

On Saturday 21 April 2018 a half-day conference will also be organised, to be hosted by the Heritage Centre, once the Conservative club, in Whitmore Reans in Wolverhampton. The conference will allow local residents to reflect on the legacy of the speech and the ways in which people in Wolverhampton have organised anti-racism movements in the past.

Dr Shirin Hirsch, who is publishing a book on Enoch Powell and Wolverhampton, said: “We are grateful to National Lottery players for this funding which will enable us to document the hidden stories of immigrant communities who lived through Enoch Powell’s Rivers of Blood speech of 1968.

“Powell’s speech is remembered by a whole range of different voices, but particularly for Black and Asian immigrant communities who had been targeted in the speech, the impact was felt strongly. We are interested in remembering the ignored, local stories within Wolverhampton and discussing new forms of racism but also anti-racist politics which intensified following the speech.

“Through our Many Rivers to Cross project we hope to preserve a long term accessible historical record on the impact of the speech on Black and Asian people in Wolverhampton and to generate new discussions on the legacy of Enoch Powell in Wolverhampton today.”


For further information about Faculty of Social Sciences courses at the University, visit:

Further information

Picture captions: Protestors in Wolverhampton opposing Enoch Powell in 1968. Many thanks to the Express and Star for allowing us to use this photograph.

For more information please contact Dr Shirin Hirsch at or the Media Relations Office on 01902 32 2736 or 01902 518647.

Date Issued: Thursday, 11 January 2018

Notes to editors

About the Heritage Lottery Fund

Thanks to National Lottery players, we invest money to help people across the UK explore, enjoy and protect the heritage they care about - from the archaeology under our feet to the historic parks and buildings we love, from precious memories and collections to rare wildlife.  Follow us on Twitter, Facebook and Instagram and use #NationalLottery and #HLFsupported.

For more information please contact the Media Relations Office on 01902 32 2736 or 01902 518647.

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