Good Research Practice

Research Design

When designing research projects, researchers should ensure that:

  1. the question(s) being asked is (are) appropriate and designed to add to whatever is already known about the topic or the methods used for researching that topic;
  2. the design of the study is appropriate for the question(s) being asked and addresses the most important potential sources of bias;
  3. all necessary skills and experience will be available to carry out the research;
  4. sufficient resources will be available to carry out the research;
  5. any issues relating to the above are resolved as far as possible prior to the start of the research

Researchers should ensure that any alterations to previously-approved designs of research projects are subject to review to determine that they will not compromise the integrity of the research.

Conflicts of interest

Researchers should declare any potential or actual conflicts of interest in relation to their research to their line manager or other appropriate person. Conflicts of interest should be declared as soon as researchers become aware of them.

Finance

Researchers should ensure that the terms and conditions of any grant or contract related to the research are adhered to. Researchers should co-operate with any monitoring and audit of finances relating to research projects and report any concerns or irregularities to their line manager or other appropriate person as soon as they become of aware of such concerns.

Monitoring and Audit

Researchers should ensure that research projects include requirements for all necessary monitoring and audit at an early stage in their design.

Researchers should co-operate with the monitoring and audit of their projects, and report any concerns or irregularities to their line manager or other appropriate person.

Peer Review

Peer review is an important part of good practice in the publication and dissemination of research findings. Wherever possible, research undertaken by University staff should undergo peer review before being published or otherwise put into the public domain.

Researchers who act as peer reviewers should do so accurately and honestly. They should maintain confidentiality and not retain or copy and material submitted to them for peer review. They should not make use of research or research findings from a paper under review without the express permission of the author(s) and should not allow others to do so.