Harvard style referencing is the most commonly used system at
the University. Sometimes known as the “author, date” method,
Harvard consists of two main elements:
When you summarise, refer to, or quote from an author's work in
your document, you need to acknowledge your source in the text. In
Harvard, you do this by putting the author’s name, publication
year, and page number (if applicable) in round
Example: (Ayra, 2003, p.41)
In the reference list, you then put the full details of the
reference to enable a reader to trace the source of information
that you used:
Example: Ayra, C. (2003) Design of
structural elements. 2nd ed. London: Spon Press
When you use the exact words from the text, you should use
double quotation marks and the page number.
Example: “At the crux of any discussion of what
happened during the sixties, one inevitably comes up against the
word revolution” (Green, 1999, p.17)
For long quotations of more than 4 lines, you should indent the
quotation and there is no requirement for quotation marks.
A reference list is a list of all the information sources that
you have cited in your text. A bibliography is a list of items that
you have read, and has informed your thinking, but not specifically
cited in your assignment.
Check the requirements for each module with your tutor. Your
list should be completed in alphabetical order by author's surname
regardless of the format of the information source.
Harvard referencing guide (PDF
guide (DOC 642kB)
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