Name Professor Patrick Ball
Job Title Professor of Pharmacy
Faculty Faculty of Science and Engineering
School School of Pharmacy
Subject(s) Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical Science, Pharmacy
Tel 01902 322173
Email Patrick.Ball@wlv.ac.uk

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Patrick Ball graduated in Pharmacy from the University of Aston in Birmingham, UK in 1975 and became a hospital clinical pharmacist. At this time, parenteral nutrition was a rapidly developing technique and Patrick became involved virtually from the outset. In 1979 he joined a multidisciplinary nutrition support team at the Children’s Hospital in Birmingham, and over the next 14 years was involved in a number of innovations including computer applications, clinical trials, development of the team approach, control of line sepsis and occlusion and improving equipment and services for home parenteral nutrition patients. During this time he gained his Master of Science(Birmingham 1986) for a research thesis on computer applications in nutrition support. As a manager he was involved in the wider aspects of hospital pharmacy and worked to increase scholarly practice and practice research in the profession. In 1994 he left the hospitals for his first academic appointment at the University of Otago in Dunedin NZ. At the time he was working on a PhD thesis looking at the effects of dissolved oxygen in parenteral nutrition admixtures (Wales,1997) He has been involved in under and postgraduate pharmacy education and curriculum development and research for 19 years. In 2001 he was recruited to the University of Auckland where he developed a new and novel pharmacotherapy program He likes to characterise his research experience in NZ as ’the art of the possible.’ Research dollars were so scarce he would work in whatever area he was able to secure funds, so a coherent thread was difficult to maintain. In 2005 he was recruited to Charles Sturt University in Wagga Wagga NSW to become Australia’s Foundation Professor of Rural and Remote Pharmacy which quickly brought him into contact with rural health matters, the ‘top end’ of Australia and Indigenous health issues. This was further developed when he moved in 2013 to Charles Darwin University in Darwin NT. He is interested in both clinical and laboratory research. His clinical research is mainly looking at medication use in chronic disease management particularly in a rural context. His laboratory work is concerned with the behaviour of medications in parenteral fluid systems. 

Experience in industry

I have worked as a consultant for the following companies:
IV in-line filtration Pall Austrlia and Pall Europe 2001-present
IV In-line Filtration Obex Medical Ltd, Auckland 2000-04
PN Computer software B. Braun U.K. Ltd. 2000
Particulates in parenteral products OCP Ltd, Auckland 1999-00
Parenteral Nutrition Biomed McGaw, Auckland 1999-00
PN Compounding machines, Baxter Health-Care PLC. (U.K.). 1984-86
Parenteral devices, solutions, B.Braun (Medical) U.K. Ltd. 1982-94
PN Compounding machines, Carex European Group S.p.A., Italy. 1991-93
PN Solutions/Devices Clintec Nutrition (U.K.). 1990-94
PN Solutions/Devices Core Healthcare, Ahmedabad, India. 1997
Computer software, dietetics Cow & Gate (Nutricia) Ltd. (U.K.) 1991
Home parenteral therapy Fresenius Health-Care U.K. PLC. 1990-94
Clean room QA ISOTEC Ltd, South Africa. 1993
Paediatric PN Kabi-Pharmacia Companies in 1982-99
U.K., Sweden, Holland & Denmark.
PN Computer software Leopold Pharma g.m.b.h., Graz, Austria.1988-89
PN Compounding devices Miramed SA, Italy 1988
Parenterals/Devices Oxford Nutrition Ltd (U.K.). 1982-04
Dietetic Computer Software Scientific Hospital Supplies Ltd. (U.K.) 1986-89
Dressings/parenterals Sterile Products, Perth, Australia. 1992-93

 

Qualifications

Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy

BSc(Pharmacy)(Aston)

PhD(Wales)

MSc(Paediatrics and Child Health)(Birmingham)

FNZCP

Pharmacy, Clinical Pharmacy, Medication Adherence, Medications in life stages; Paediatrics, Geriatrics, Palliative Care, Clinical Nutrition, Parenteral Nutrition, Medications in Parenteral Fluid Systems

Clinical Pharmacy
Management of Non-Communicable Diseases
Medication Adherence
Clinical Nutrition and Parenteral Nutrition
Medications in Parenteral Fluid Systems

The Pharmaceutical Society of Australia
The Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain
The Society of Hospital Pharmacists of Australia
The British Association for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
The European Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
The British Pharmaceutical Nutrition Group
The New Zealand College of Pharmacists

2016 Saepudin, S., Ball, P.A., Morrissey, H. Patient and medication-related factors associated with hospital-acquired hyponatraemia in patients hospitalized from heart failure. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy, 2016;38(4):848-854, DOI10.1007/s11096-016-0296-3
2015 Madden M, Morrissey H, Ball, P.A., Pharmacy in Challenging Environments: report. Australian Journal of Pharmacy 2015, December, 60-63
2015 Morrissey, H., Ball, P.A., Jackson, D.M., Pilotto, L.S.J., Nielsen, S. Viability and sustainability of pharmacist input in chronic disease management in rural Australia. Australian Journal of Pharmacy 2015;96:54-59.
(Commissioned secondary publication of 2015 article of the same title in Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research, reproduced with permission)
2015 Bushell, M.J.A, Morrissey, H. Nuffer, W., Ellis, S.L., Ball P.A. Development and design of injection skills and vaccination training program targeted for Australian undergraduate pharmacy students. Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning, 2015 published online, in press, DOI 10.1016/j.cptl.2013.08.003
2015 Morrissey, H., Ball, P.A., Boland, M. Hefler, M., Thomas, D.P., Constituents of smoke from cigarettes made from diverted nicotine replacement therapy patches. Drug and Alcohol Review 2015 published online before inclusion in a journal issue. DOI 10.1111/dar.12288
2015 Saepudin, S., Ball, P.A., Morrissey, H. Hyponatraemia during hospitalization and in-hospital mortality in patients hospitalized from heart failure. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders 2015;15:88 published online open access, DOI 10.1186/s12872-015-0082-5
2015 Bushell, M.J.A., Morrissey, H, Ball, P.A., An Initiative to Ensure Profession Preparedness. Pharmaceutical Regulatory Affairs 2015;4:1: ISSN 2167-7689 PROA published online open access, doi 10.4172/2167-7689.10001132
2015 Bushell, M.J.A., Morrissey, H, Ball, P.A., Using Focus Groups to Validate a Pharmacy Vaccination Training Program. Pharmacy 2015;3:39-52, ISSN 2226-4787 doi:10.3390/pharmacy/3020039
2015 Morrissey, H., Ball, P.A., Stability and Sterility Data in Pre-Filled Syringes for Zuclopenthixol Acetate and Haloperidol Used in Emergency Tranquilisation. Primary Health Care: Open Access 2015;5(1):1000185 ISSN:2167-1079 PHCOA. DOI:10.4172/2167-1079.1000185
2015 Kennedy, R.A., Kennedy, M.L., Morrissey H., Ball, P.A. In vitro analysis of the effect of in-line 1.2 micron filters on two formulations of Propofol (2,6-Diisopropyl Phenol) PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology 2015;69(2):297-306. ISSN 1948-2124 DOI 10.5731/pdajpst.201501033
2015 Bushell, M.J.A., Morrissey, H., Waidyarathne, E., Zawahir, S., Ball, P.A., Sri Lankan perspectives on Pharmacist Administered Vaccinations. Pharmaceutical Regulatory Affairs: Open Access 2015;4(1):1000135 ISSN 2167-7689 DOI 10.4172/2167-7869.100035
2015 Sharp, C., Ball, P.A., Morrissey, H., Nielsen, S. Health promotion in CVD prevention: increasing patient awareness of modifiable cardiovascular risk factors. Australian Pharmacist 2015; 34(3):68-73. ISSN 0728-4632.
2015 Morrissey H., Ball, P.A., Brumby, S. Special health needs of Australian farmers. The Australian Journal of Pharmacy 2015;96(3):94-97 ISSN 0311-8002.
2015 Morrissey, H., Ball, P.A., Jackson, D.M., Pilotto, L.S.J., Nielsen, S. Viability and sustainability of pharmacist input in chronic disease management in rural Australia. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research 2015;45(2):in press DOI 10.1002/jppr.1089
2015 Bushell, M-J., Ball, P.A. Managing vaccine-associated anaphylaxis in the pharmacy. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research 2015;45:24-30. DOI 10.1002/jppr.1053
2015 Bushell, M-J., Morrissey, H., Yee, K.C., Ball, P.A. Vaccination training in Australian undergraduate pharmacy curricula. Pharmacy Education 2015;15(1):54-56
2014 Osland, E.J,, Ali, A., Isenring, E., Ball, P.A., Davis, M., Gillanders, L. Australasian Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition guidelines for supplementation of trace elements during parenteral nutrition. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2014;23(4):545-554. doi:10.6133/apjcn.2014.23.4.21
2014 Bushell, M-J. A., Yee, K.C., Ball, P.A. Case for pharmacist-administered vaccines in Australia. The Australian Journal of Pharmacy 2014;95(4):73-75 ISSN 0311-8002 (Commissioned secondary publication of 2013 article of the same title in Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research, reproduced with permission)
2014 Morrissey, H., Ball, P.A., First year pharmacy student’s health services experience at the top-end of Australia. Australian Pharmacist 2014;95(December):70-75. ISSN 0728-4632
2014 Morrissey, H., Ball, P.A., Medication errors: Medication Orders with Error-Prone Abbreviations. Nursing and Care 2014;3(5):http://dx.doi.org/10.4172/2167-1168.1000196
2014 Morrissey, H., Ball, P.A., Jackson, D.M., Pilotto, L.S.J. Community Pharmacists’ Intervention: How a 6-episode of one-on-one intervention changed patient’s attitudes towards their medication and disease self-management. International Journal of Pharmacy 2014;4(4):5-13. ISSN 2249-1848
2014 Hanifah, S., Ball, P.A., Kennedy, R.A, Lambert, K. Mapping of incompatibility assay: Bringing method to problem in Critical Care. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2014;6(4):171-172 ISSN 0975-1491
2014 Morrissey, H., Cotton, J., Ball, P.A., Q-fever and Australian farmers: is the health system paying enough attention? A literature review. Australian Journal of Pharmacy 2014;95:64-67.
2014 Morrissey, H., Ball, P.A., Pharmacy subjects development. Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning, 2014;6(5):736-744, available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cptl.2014.05.016
2014 Morrissey, H., Ball, P.A., Jackson D.M., Pilotto, L.S.J., Use of chronic disease management algorithms in Australian community pharmacies. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 2014, in press published online, available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sapharm.2014.06.002
2014 Hoy, W., Manning, R., Tungatalum, L., Hoy, P., Mott, S., Eddy, D.D., Ball, P.A. Letter. A profile of sales audits of a remote Aboriginal general store: 1992 and 2011. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 2014;38(1), 94 doi: 10.1111/1753-6405.12172
2013 Saepudin, Wang, L.X., Ball, P.A. Pharmacists’ roles in the management of hyponatraemia in patients with heart failure. International Journal of Pharmacy Teaching and Practice 2013;4(4):850-857.
2013 Bushell, M-J. A., Yee, K.C., Ball, P.A. Case for Pharmacist Administered Vaccinations in Australia. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research, 2013;43(4):292-295.
2013 Ball, P.A., Morrissey, H. Pilotto, L.S.J. Anticholinergic burden assessed using electronic records in Australian general practice. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research 2013;43(3):202-206
2013 Hi, Z, Ball, P.A. Can medication management review reduce anticholinergic burden in the elderly? Encouraging results from a theoretical model. International Psychogeriatrics 2013; 25(9):1425-1431 doi:10.1017/S1041610213000872
2013 Morrissey, H., Ball, P.A. Reflecting on clinical placements: should they be longer? Australian Pharmacist 2013;32(2):26-27
2012 Flavel, D., Grey, L., Morrissey, H., Ball, P.A., Two examples of Student Placement Tasks: Drug Use Evaluations. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research, 2012;42(2)121-124
2012 Allan, J, Clifford, A, Ball, PA, Alston, M, Meister, P. “You’re less than complete if you haven’t got a can in your hand”: Alcohol Consumption and Related Harmful Effects in Rural Australia: The Role and Influence of Cultural Capital. Alcohol and Alcoholism 2012 doi 10.1093/alcalc/ags074
2012 Pilotto, L.S.J., Ball, P.A., Smithard, J.M. and Kennedy, D.R.J.. Electronic records suggest suboptimal management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in general practice. Australian Journal of Rural Health 2012;20:195-199 doi 10.1111/j.1440-1585.2012.01283.x
2012 Abed, H., Ball, P.A, Wang, L.X. Diagnosis and management of postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome: a brief review. Journal of Geriatric Cardiology 2012;9:61-67 doi:10.3724/SP.J.1263.2012.00061 Available at http://www.jgc301.com
2012 Gillanders, L., Angstmann, K., Ball, P.A., O’Callaghan, M., Thomson, A., Wong, T., Thomas, M. A prospective study of catheter-related complications in HPN patients. Clinical Nutrition 2012;31;30-34 doi:10.1016/j.clnu.2011.09.009
2011 Yao, D.K., Wang, L.X., Curran, S., Ball, P.A., Adherence to treatment guidelines in the pharmacological management of chronic heart failure in an Australian population. Journal of Geriatric Cardiology 2011 8: 1−5. Available at http://www.jgc301.com
2011 Madden, M.E., Ball, P.A., The decision-making processes of pharmacists in inland Australia - a pilot study. Rural and Remote Health 2011;11:1573-1586 ISSN 1445-6354. Available from: http://www.rrh.org.au
2010 Allan, J., Ball, P.A., Alston, M. What is health anyway?: Perceptions and experiences of health and health care from socio-economically disadvantaged rural residents. Rural Society 2010:20(1):85-97ISSN 1037-1656
2010 Abdalla H, Ball P.A., Empowering Patient Minority Populations. Self medication management program for adult patients in custody. International Pharmacy Journal 25(1), 6-11
2010 Xuan Xiong, Chao You, Qiu-Chao Feng, Ting Yin, Zhong-Ben Chen, Patrick Ball and Le-Xin Wang, Pulse Width Modulation Electro-acupuncture on Cardiovascular Remodeling and Plasma Nitric Oxide in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Evidence-based Complimentary and Alternative Medicine (eCAM) 2010; doi:10.1093/ecam/neq063
2009 Allan, J., Ball, P.A., Alston, M. Following the policy pathway: The impact of policy processes on children’s access to healthcare in rural Australia. International Journal of Child Health and Human Development 2009;2(2):105-113 ISSN1939-5965
2008 Wang LX, Curran S, Ball P, White F. Pharmacotherapy for atrial fibrillation in hospitalized older patients in Australia. Current Therapeutic Research 2008;69(6):514-524
2008 Gillanders, L., Baxter, J.,Ball, P.A., Merrie, A., McKee, R.F. Benchmarking home parenteral nutrition in Scotland and New Zealand: disparities revealed. New Zealand Medical Journal 2008;121:28-33
2008 Gillanders L, Angstmann, K, Ball, P.A. Chapman-Kiddell, C, Hardy, G.,Hope, J, Smith, R., Strauss, B., Russell, AuSPEN clinical practice guideline for home parenteral nutrition patients in Australia and New Zealand Nutrition, 2008;24(10):998-1012
2008 Allan, J., Ball, P.A., Developing a competitive advantage: Considerations from Australia for the recruitment and retention of rural and remote primary health workers. Australian Journal of Primary Health 2008;14(1);106-112
2008 Allan, J., Crockett, J., Ball, P., Alston, M. ’You have to face your mistakes in the street’: The contextual keys that shape health service access and workforce retention in rural areas. Rural and Remote Health 8 (online), 2008: 835. SSN 1445-6354 Available from: http://www.rrh.org.au
2007 Allan J, Ball P.A., Alston M. Developing sustainable models of rural health care: a community development approach. Rural and Remote Health 7 (online), 2007: 818. Available from: http://www.rrh.org.au
2007 Allan, J., Crockett, J., Ball, P., Alston, M., Whittenbury, K. 'It's All Part of the Package' in Rural Allied Health Work: A Pilot Study of Rewards and Barriers in Rural Pharmacy and Social Work. The Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice, 2007:5(3): ISSN 1540-580X
2007 Granmyr, J., Ball, P.A., Curran, S., Wang, L. Evidence-based use of medications in patients with coronary artery disease in a rural Australian community. Australian Journal of Rural Health 15(4) 241
2006 Kairuz, T.E., Ball, P.A., Pinnock, R.A. Variations in small volume doses of a liquid antibiotic using two paediatric administration devices. Pharmacy World and Science. 2006;28:96-100.
2006 Hardy, G. Ball, P.A. Avoiding catheter complications with lipid-containing parenteral nutrition. (review) British Journal of Intensive Care 2006;16(2):64-67
2006 Hardy, G. Ball, P.A. Avoiding catheter complications with lipid containing parenteral nutrition (invited review) Nutrition Foundation of India; Nutrition in Disease Management 2006;30:9-14
2005 Tsang, B., McAlpine, C., Brown, J., Ball. P.A., Dickens, K., Graham, D., Colquhoun, G., Mark, S., Reid, S., Lane, K., McKenzie-Pollock, S., Brown, R., Boulton, P., Frost, P., Moate, K., Taipari, G., Casey, V. Best Practice Evidence Based Guideline for the Treatment of Nocturnal Enuresis (Bedwetting). Paediatric Society of New Zealand, Wellington. Published at www.nzgg.org.nz November 2005
2005 Koletzko, B., Goulet, O., Hunt, J., Krohn, K., Shamir, R. for the Parenteral Nutrition Guidelines Working Group. Guidelines on Paediatric Parenteral Nutrition of the European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) and the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN), supported by the European Society of Paediatric Research (ESPR). Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutirition 2005:41:S1-S87 (IF 2.067)
2005 Hardy, G. Ball, P.A. Clogbusting: time for a concerted approach to catheter occlusions? Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and metabolic Care 8:277-283 (IF 2.93)
2003 Mirkov, S.J., Ball, P.A. Design and Pilot of a Medication Review Clinic in a Dialysis Centre. Journal of Pharmacy Practice and Research 33(3):199-203
2003 Hardy, G., Hardy, I., Ball, P.A. Nutraceuticals – a pharmaceutical viewpoint: part II. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care 6:661-671
2003 Ball, P.A., Brokenshire, E.M.3, Parry, B.2, Merrie, A.2, Gillanders, L.3, McIlroy, K.3, Plank, L, D.2 Ethanol Locking as a Possible Treatment for Microbial Contamination of Long-Term Central Venous Catheters. (letter) Nutrition 19(6):570
2003 Ball, P.A, Intravenous in-line filters: filtering the evidence. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care 6:319-325.
2002 Ball, P.A., Hardy, G.3 Glutamine in Pediatrics: Where Next ? Nutrition 18;451-454.
2002 Ball, P.A. Do you suffer from FTI syndrome ? [Invited Comment] Nutrition 18(1);110-111.
2001 Ball, P.A. Methods of assessing stability of parenteral nutrition regimens Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care. 4(5) 345-350.
2001 Barzak, M.Y.5, Ball, P.A., Ledger, R.3 The rationale and efficacy of problem-based learning and computer assisted learning in Pharmaceutical Education. Pharmacy Education 1(2);105-113.
2001 Ball, P.A., Bethune K.3, Fox, J.5, Ledger, R.3 Barnett , M.I.3 Particulate contamination in parenteral nutrition solutions: still a cause for concern ? Nutrition 17(11-12), 933-936.
2001 Ball, P.A. Achieving quality in nutrition support services; the team approach. Journal of the Japanese Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition 16(2);113-121.
2001 Al-Sallami, H.S.3, Ball, P.A., Davey, A.K.3 Metered-dose inhaler with spacer versus nebuliser for acute exacerbation of asthma. A literature review. Australian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy 31(3):189-194.
2000 Ball, P.A. Use of computers in long term / home parenteral nutrition – a missed opportunity ? Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care. 3(3) 231-235.
2000 Ball, P.A. Is there a pharmacist in the house ? [Invited Comment] Nutrition 16:466-467
2000 Scott-Walker, T.M.3, Ball, P.A. and Berry P.M.3 A Review of the Prophylaxis and Treatment of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting. Australian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy 30(4);157-164.
2000 Ball, P.A., Comment: What is a Pharmacist ? [Invited Comment] Australian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy 30(2) 46-47.
2000 Ball, P.A. Clinical Pharmacy: What stage of evolution have we reached ? [Invited Editorial] Australian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy 30(6):250-251.
1999 Kunac, D.L.3, Ball, P.A. and Broadbent, R.S.3 In-Line Intravenous Filtration in Neonates, Help not Hindrance. Australian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy. 29(6):321-327.
1999 Ball, P.A. Principles for formulating parenteral nutrition for neonates. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care. 2:261-264.
1999 Ball, P.A. Iron in Paediatric Parenteral Nutrition: Are We Getting Rusty ? Nutrition 15(10): 815-816.
1998 Robinson, R.3 and Ball, P.A. Does the Pall TNA-1E parenteral nutrition admixture filter retain Malassezia furfur ? Nutrition 14(4);363-365.
1998 Lee, A.3, Bryant, L.2, Ball, P.A.3 Is sudden infant death syndrome less common amongst ethnic Chinese populations ? Singapore Paediatric Journal 40(4): 195-204.
1998 Hardy, G.3, Ball, P.A. and McElroy, B.3 Basic principles for compounding all-in-one parenteral nutrition admixtures. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care 1(3):291-296.
1998 Ball, P.A. Anything else to add ? [Invited Comment] Nutrition 15(1): 87-88.
1997 Monk, P.M.3 and Ball, P.A. The accuracy of a paediatric dosing device. Australian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy 27(4):323-324.
1996 Ball, P.A. and Barnett, M.I.3 The dissolved oxygen content of parenteral nutrition admixtures prepared by different methods. Pharmaceutical Sciences 2:349-351.
1996 Ball, P.A. Time to byte the bullet ? [Invited Comment] Nutrition 12:564-565.
1995 Kunac, D.L.5, Ball, P.A., Woods, D.J.3 Paediatric therapeutics 1. Dosing considerations. New Zealand Pharmacy 15(11) 20-22.
1995 Dakers, J.M.3 and Ball, P.A. The threat posed by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. New Zealand Pharmacy. 16(2). 22-26.
1994 Papadopoulou, A.3, Pandya, S.3, Ball, P.A., Androulakis, J.3 Booth, I.W.3 Efficacy of a high nitrogen parenteral solution. A pilot study in children undergoing bone marrow transplantation. British Journal of Intensive Care 4:264-268.
1994 Papadopoulou, A.3 Ball, P.A. Booth, I.W.3 Organisation of Total Parenteral Nutrition in Children's Hospitals. Paediatriki 57:62-69.
1994 Ball, P.A. Comment: Computers in Parenteral Nutrition: where next ? Current Medical Literature, Clinical Nutrition 3:45-48.
1993 Puntis, J.W.L.3, Hall, S.K.3, Green, A.3, Smith, D.E.3, Ball, P.A. Booth I.W.3, Biochemical stability during parenteral nutrition. Clinical Nutrition 12:153-159.
1992 Puntis, J.W.L.3, Wilkins, K.M.3, Ball, P.A., Rushton, D.I.3 Booth I.W.3 Hazards of Parenteral Treatment: do particles count ? Archives of Disease in Childhood 67:1475-1477.
1992 Ball P.A., Comment:: Is it stable ? [Invited Comment] Nutrition 8:192- 193.
1990 Finkel, Y.3, Ball, P.A. Puntis, J.W.L.3 Parenteral Nutrition i pediatrisk praxis. Droppjounalen 2:11-14.
1989 Puntis, J.W.L.3; Green, A.3; Preece, M.A.3; Ball, P.A. Booth, I.W.3 Hyperammonaemia and parenteral nutrition in infancy. Lancet 2(Dec 10); 1374-1375.
1989 Puntis, J.W.L.3, Ball, P.A., Preece, M.A.3, Green, A.3, Brown, G.A.3 Booth I.W.3 Egg and breast milk based nitrogen sources compared. Archives of Disease in Childhood 64:1472-1477.
1988 Puntis, J.W.L.3, Ball, P.A., Preece, M.A.3, Green, A.3, Brown, G.A.3, Booth, I.W.3 Egg and Breast Milk based nitrogen sources compared in paediatric parenteral nutrition. In Proceedings of the annual congress, British Paediatric Association.
1987 Puntis, J.W.L.3, Ball, P.A. Booth I.W.3 Complications of Neonatal Parenteral Nutrition. Intensive Therapy and Clinical Monitoring 8:48-56.
1987 Puntis, J.W.L.3, Ball, P.A, Booth I.W.3 Percutaneous central venous feeding lines in infants: Do they perform as well as surgically positioned catheters ? Zeitschrift für Kinderchirurgie 42:354-357.
1986 Puntis, J.W.L.3, Edwards, M.A.3; Green, A.3; Morgan, M.E.I.3; Ball, P.A. Booth, I.W.3 Hyperphenylalaninemia in parenterally fed newborn babies. Lancet 2(Nov 8); 1105-1106.
1985 Ball, P.A., De-Silva, D.G.H.3, Candy, D.C.A.3 McNeish, A.S.3 The microcomputer: an aid to paediatric parenteral nutrition. International Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing 1:233-239.
1985 Ball, P.A., Candy, D.C.A.3, Puntis, J.W.L.3 McNeish, A.S.3 Portable bedside microcomputer system for management of parenteral nutrition in all age groups. Archives of Disease in Childhood 60:435- 439.
1985 Ball, P.A. Microcomputer at the bedside in paediatric parenteral nutrition. Intensive Care World 2:96-97.
1985 Ball, P.A. BIT by BIT towards computerised paediatric parenteral nutrition. Pharmaceutical Journal 235:649-653.